Impact of multidomain preventive strategies on functional brain connectivity in older adults with cognitive complaint: Subset from the Montpellier center of the ancillary MAPT-MRI study - Neuropsychiatrie- Recherche épidémiologique et clinique (U1061) Access content directly
Journal Articles Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience Year : 2023

Impact of multidomain preventive strategies on functional brain connectivity in older adults with cognitive complaint: Subset from the Montpellier center of the ancillary MAPT-MRI study

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Abstract

Introduction The impact of multi-domain preventive interventions on older adults, in particular on those with higher risk to develop Alzheimer's disease (AD), could be beneficial, as it may delay cognitive decline. However, the precise mechanism of such positive impact is not fully understood and may involve brain reserve and adaptability of brain functional connectivity (FC). Methods To determine the effect of multidomain interventions (involving physical activity, cognitive training, nutritional counseling alone or in combination with omega-3 fatty acid supplementation and vs. a placebo) on the brain, longitudinal FC changes were assessed after 36 months of intervention on 100 older adults (above 70 year-old) with subjective cognitive complaints. Results No global change in FC was detected after uni or multidomain preventive interventions. However, an effect of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation dependent on cognitive decline status was underlined for frontoparietal, salience, visual and sensorimotor networks FC. These findings were independent of the cortical thickness and vascular burden. Discussion These results emphasize the importance of patient stratification, based on risk factors, for preventive interventions.
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hal-04492076 , version 1 (06-03-2024)

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Lisa Perus, Jean-François Mangin, Jérémy Deverdun, Laure-Anne Gutierrez, Emmanuelle Gourieux, et al.. Impact of multidomain preventive strategies on functional brain connectivity in older adults with cognitive complaint: Subset from the Montpellier center of the ancillary MAPT-MRI study. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 2023, 14, ⟨10.3389/fnagi.2022.971220⟩. ⟨hal-04492076⟩
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