GRID1/ GluD1 homozygous variants linked to intellectual disability and spastic paraplegia impair mGlu1/5 receptor signaling and excitatory synapses - Normal and Pathologic Glutamatergic Neurons Access content directly
Journal Articles Molecular Psychiatry Year : 2024

GRID1/ GluD1 homozygous variants linked to intellectual disability and spastic paraplegia impair mGlu1/5 receptor signaling and excitatory synapses

Dévina Ung
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1290957
  • IdHAL : devina-ung
Ludovic Tricoire
Ben Pode-Shakked
Annick Raas-Rothschild
Bassam Abu-Libdeh
  • Function : Author
Nasrin Hamed
  • Function : Author
Sylviane Marouillat
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1384149
  • IdRef : 15266808X
Rose-Anne Thépault
Giovanni Stevanin
Bertrand Lambolez

Abstract

Abstract The ionotropic glutamate delta receptor GluD1, encoded by the GRID1 gene, is involved in synapse formation, function, and plasticity. GluD1 does not bind glutamate, but instead cerebellin and D-serine, which allow the formation of trans-synaptic bridges, and trigger transmembrane signaling. Despite wide expression in the nervous system, pathogenic GRID1 variants have not been characterized in humans so far. We report homozygous missense GRID1 variants in five individuals from two unrelated consanguineous families presenting with intellectual disability and spastic paraplegia, without (p.Thr752Met) or with (p.Arg161His) diagnosis of glaucoma, a threefold phenotypic association whose genetic bases had not been elucidated previously. Molecular modeling indicated that Arg161His and Thr752Met mutations alter the hinge between GluD1 cerebellin and D-serine binding domains and the stiffness of this latter domain, respectively. Expression, trafficking, physical interaction with metabotropic glutamate receptor mGlu1, and cerebellin binding of GluD1 mutants were not conspicuously altered. Conversely, we found that both GluD1 mutants hampered signaling of metabotropic glutamate receptor mGlu1/5 via the ERK pathway in neurons of primary cortical culture. Moreover, both mutants impaired dendrite morphology and excitatory synapse density in neurons of primary hippocampal culture. These results show that the clinical phenotypes are distinct entities segregating in the families as an autosomal recessive trait, and caused by pathophysiological effects of GluD1 mutants involving metabotropic glutamate receptor signaling and neuronal connectivity. Our findings unravel the importance of the GluD1 receptor signaling in sensory, cognitive and motor functions of the human nervous system.
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Dates and versions

hal-03871407 , version 2 (01-03-2024)
hal-03871407 , version 1 (01-03-2024)

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Dévina Ung, Ludovic Tricoire, Nicolas Pietrancosta, Andjela Zlatanovic, Ben Pode-Shakked, et al.. GRID1/ GluD1 homozygous variants linked to intellectual disability and spastic paraplegia impair mGlu1/5 receptor signaling and excitatory synapses. Molecular Psychiatry, 2024, ⟨10.1038/s41380-024-02469-w⟩. ⟨hal-03871407v2⟩
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