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Modification of the Selectivity Properties of Tubular Ceramic Membranes after Alkaline Treatment

Abstract : This work focuses on the selectivity modification of ceramic membranes after a mild alkaline treatment. Filtration of pure saltwater solutions was carried out with commercial titania membranes before and after the treatment. After treatment, the rejection of NaF significantly decreased, while the rejection of NaCl and NaBr increased. Additionally, NaI and Na 2 SO 4 remained close to zero. Pore size and electrical charge being almost unchanged, only significant modifications in the dielectric effects can explain this modification of selectivity. Therefore, the surface chemistry and the interaction (nature and magnitude) with the solvent and with the species present in the solution appear to be modified by the alkaline treatment. This trend is also illustrated by discussing the electric and the dielectric properties that were numerically identified before and after treatment. The alkaline treatment significantly decreased the apparent dielectric constant of NaCl-water solution in the pore, highlighting the rejection of sodium chloride. Contrariwise, the modification of the surface chemistry increased the apparent dielectric constant of NaF-water solution by promoting fluoride transmission.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01719477
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Submitted on : Friday, December 18, 2020 - 9:29:44 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 13, 2022 - 12:02:05 PM
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Patrick Dutournié, Lionel Limousy, Jérôme Anquetil, Sébastien Deon. Modification of the Selectivity Properties of Tubular Ceramic Membranes after Alkaline Treatment. Membranes, MDPI, 2017, 7 (4), pp.65. ⟨10.3390/membranes7040065⟩. ⟨hal-01719477⟩

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