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Improved electrochemical conversion of CO2 to multicarbon products by using molecular doping

Abstract : The conversion of CO 2 into desirable multicarbon products via the electrochemical reduction reaction holds promise to achieve a circular carbon economy. Here, we report a strategy in which we modify the surface of bimetallic silver-copper catalyst with aromatic heterocycles such as thiadiazole and triazole derivatives to increase the conversion of CO 2 into hydrocarbon molecules. By combining operando Raman and X-ray absorption spectroscopy with electrocatalytic measurements and analysis of the reaction products, we identified that the electron withdrawing nature of functional groups orients the reaction pathway towards the production of C 2+ species (ethanol and ethylene) and enhances the reaction rate on the surface of the catalyst by adjusting the electronic state of surface copper atoms. As a result, we achieve a high Faradaic efficiency for the C 2+ formation of ≈80% and full-cell energy efficiency of 20.3% with a specific current density of 261.4 mA cm −2 for C 2+ products.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 15, 2022 - 11:58:55 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 11:01:09 AM

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Huali Wu, Ji Li, Kun Qi, Yang Zhang, Eddy Petit, et al.. Improved electrochemical conversion of CO2 to multicarbon products by using molecular doping. Nature Communications, Nature Publishing Group, 2021, 12 (1), pp.7210. ⟨10.1038/s41467-021-27456-5⟩. ⟨hal-03501147⟩

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