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PET metabolic imaging of time-dependent reorganization of olfactory cued fear memory networks in rats

Abstract : Memory consolidation involves reorganization at both the synaptic and system levels. The latter involves gradual reorganization of the brain regions that support memory and has been mostly highlighted using hippocampal-dependent tasks. The standard memory consolidation model posits that the hippocampus becomes gradually less important over time in favor of neocortical regions. In contrast, this reorganization of circuits in amygdala-dependent tasks has been less investigated. Moreover, this question has been addressed using primarily lesion or cellular imaging approaches thus precluding the comparison of recent and remote memory networks in the same animals. To overcome this limitation, we used microPET imaging to characterize, in the same animals, the networks activated during the recall of a recent versus remote memory in an olfactory cued fear conditioning paradigm. The data highlighted the drastic difference between the extents of the two networks. Indeed, although the recall of a recent odor fear memory activates a large network of structures spanning from the prefrontal cortex to the cerebellum, significant activations during remote memory retrieval are limited to the piriform cortex. These results strongly support the view that amygdala-dependent memories also undergo system-level reorganization, and that sensory cortical areas might participate in the long-term storage of emotional memories
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03746901
Contributor : Anne-Marie MOULY Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Saturday, August 6, 2022 - 2:34:17 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, September 24, 2022 - 3:04:06 PM

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Anne-Marie Mouly, Caroline Bouillot, Nicolas Costes, Luc Zimmer, Nadine Ravel, et al.. PET metabolic imaging of time-dependent reorganization of olfactory cued fear memory networks in rats. Cerebral Cortex, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2022, 32 (13), pp.2717-2728. ⟨10.1093/cercor/bhab376⟩. ⟨hal-03746901⟩

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