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Journal Articles Science Year : 2023

Behavioral responses of terrestrial mammals to COVID-19 lockdowns

Marlee Tucker (1) , Aafke Schipper (1) , Tempe Adams , Nina Attias (2) , Tal Avgar , Natarsha Babic , Kristin Barker , Guillaume Bastille-Rousseau , Dominik Behr , Jerrold Belant , Dean Beyer , Niels Blaum (3) , J. David Blount , Dirk Bockmühl , Ricardo Luiz Pires Boulhosa , Michael Brown (4) , Bayarbaatar Buuveibaatar , Francesca Cagnacci (5) , Justin Calabrese (6, 7, 8) , Rok Černe (9) , Simon Chamaillé-Jammes (10) , Aung Nyein Chan , Michael Chase (11) , Yannick Chaval (12) , Yvette Chenaux-Ibrahim , Seth Cherry (13) , Duško Ćirović , Emrah Çoban , Eric Cole , Laura Conlee , Alyson Courtemanch , Gabriele Cozzi , Sarah Davidson , Darren Debloois , Nandintsetseg Dejid , Vickie Denicola , Arnaud Desbiez , Iain Douglas-Hamilton , David Drake , Michael Egan , Jasper A.J. Eikelboom , William Fagan , Morgan Farmer , Julian Fennessy , Shannon Finnegan , Christen Fleming , Bonnie Fournier , Nicholas Fowler , Mariela Gantchoff , Alexandre Garnier , Benedikt Gehr , Chris Geremia , Jacob Goheen , Morgan Hauptfleisch , Mark Hebblewhite , Morten Heim , Anne Hertel , Marco Heurich , A. Hewison , James Hodson , Nicholas Hoffman , J. Grant C. Hopcraft , Djuro Huber , Edmund Isaac , Karolina Janik , Miloš Ježek , Örjan Johansson , Neil Jordan , Petra Kaczensky , Douglas Kamaru , Matthew Kauffman , Todd Kautz , Roland Kays , Allicia Kelly , Jonas Kindberg , Miha Krofel , Josip Kusak , Clayton Lamb , Tayler Lasharr , Peter Leimgruber , Horst Leitner , Michael Lierz , John D.C. Linnell , Purevjav Lkhagvaja , Ryan Long , José Vicente López-Bao , Matthias-Claudio Loretto , Pascal Marchand (14) , Hans Martin , Lindsay Martinez , Roy Mcbride , Ashley A.D. Mclaren , Erling Meisingset , Joerg Melzheimer , Evelyn Merrill , Arthur Middleton , Kevin Monteith , Seth Moore , Bram van Moorter , Nicolas Morellet , Thomas Morrison , Rebekka Müller , Atle Mysterud , Michael Noonan , David O’connor , Daniel Olson , Kirk Olson , Anna Ortega , Federico Ossi , Manuela Panzacchi , Robert Patchett , Brent Patterson , Rogerio Cunha de Paula , John Payne , Wibke Peters , Tyler Petroelje , Benjamin Pitcher , Boštjan Pokorny , Kim Poole , Hubert Potočnik , Marie-Pier Poulin , Robert Pringle , Herbert H.T. Prins , Nathan Ranc , Slaven Reljić , Benjamin Robb , Ralf Röder , Christer Rolandsen , Christian Rutz , Albert Salemgareyev , Gustaf Samelius , Heather Sayine-Crawford , Sarah Schooler , Çağan Şekercioğlu , Nuria Selva , Paola Semenzato , Agnieszka Sergiel , Koustubh Sharma , Avery Shawler , Johannes Signer , Václav Silovský , João Paulo Silva , Richard Simon , Rachel Smiley , Douglas Smith , Erling Solberg , Diego Ellis-Soto , Orr Spiegel , Jared Stabach , Jenna Stacy-Dawes , Daniel Stahler , John Stephenson , Cheyenne Stewart , Olav Strand , Peter Sunde , Nathan Svoboda , Jonathan Swart , Jeffrey Thompson , Katrina Toal , Kenneth Uiseb , Meredith Vanacker , Marianela Velilla , Tana Verzuh , Bettina Wachter , Brittany Wagler , Jesse Whittington , Martin Wikelski , Christopher Wilmers , George Wittemyer , Julie Young , Filip Zięba , Tomasz Zwijacz-Kozica , Mark Huijbregts , Thomas Mueller
Marlee Tucker
Aafke Schipper
Tempe Adams
  • Function : Author
Tal Avgar
Natarsha Babic
Kristin Barker
Guillaume Bastille-Rousseau
Dominik Behr
Jerrold Belant
  • Function : Author
Dean Beyer
  • Function : Author
J. David Blount
Dirk Bockmühl
  • Function : Author
Ricardo Luiz Pires Boulhosa
Bayarbaatar Buuveibaatar
Aung Nyein Chan
Michael Chase
  • Function : Author
Yvette Chenaux-Ibrahim
Seth Cherry
Duško Ćirović
Emrah Çoban
Eric Cole
Laura Conlee
  • Function : Author
Alyson Courtemanch
Gabriele Cozzi
Sarah Davidson
Darren Debloois
Nandintsetseg Dejid
Vickie Denicola
Arnaud Desbiez
Iain Douglas-Hamilton
David Drake
  • Function : Author
Michael Egan
  • Function : Author
Jasper A.J. Eikelboom
William Fagan
Morgan Farmer
Julian Fennessy
Shannon Finnegan
Christen Fleming
Bonnie Fournier
  • Function : Author
Nicholas Fowler
Mariela Gantchoff
Alexandre Garnier
Benedikt Gehr
Chris Geremia
  • Function : Author
Jacob Goheen
Morgan Hauptfleisch
Mark Hebblewhite
Morten Heim
Anne Hertel
Marco Heurich
A. Hewison
James Hodson
Nicholas Hoffman
  • Function : Author
J. Grant C. Hopcraft
Djuro Huber
Edmund Isaac
Karolina Janik
Miloš Ježek
Örjan Johansson
Neil Jordan
Petra Kaczensky
Douglas Kamaru
  • Function : Author
Matthew Kauffman
Todd Kautz
Roland Kays
Allicia Kelly
Jonas Kindberg
Miha Krofel
Josip Kusak
Clayton Lamb
Tayler Lasharr
  • Function : Author
Peter Leimgruber
  • Function : Author
Horst Leitner
Michael Lierz
  • Function : Author
John D.C. Linnell
Purevjav Lkhagvaja
Ryan Long
José Vicente López-Bao
Matthias-Claudio Loretto
Hans Martin
Lindsay Martinez
Roy Mcbride
Ashley A.D. Mclaren
Erling Meisingset
Joerg Melzheimer
Evelyn Merrill
Arthur Middleton
Kevin Monteith
Seth Moore
Bram van Moorter
Nicolas Morellet
Thomas Morrison
Rebekka Müller
Atle Mysterud
Michael Noonan
David O’connor
Daniel Olson
  • Function : Author
Kirk Olson
Anna Ortega
Federico Ossi
Manuela Panzacchi
Robert Patchett
Brent Patterson
Rogerio Cunha de Paula
John Payne
Wibke Peters
Tyler Petroelje
Benjamin Pitcher
  • Function : Author
Boštjan Pokorny
Kim Poole
  • Function : Author
Hubert Potočnik
Marie-Pier Poulin
Robert Pringle
Herbert H.T. Prins
Nathan Ranc
Slaven Reljić
Benjamin Robb
Ralf Röder
Christer Rolandsen
Christian Rutz
Albert Salemgareyev
  • Function : Author
Gustaf Samelius
Heather Sayine-Crawford
Sarah Schooler
Çağan Şekercioğlu
Nuria Selva
Paola Semenzato
Agnieszka Sergiel
  • Function : Author
Koustubh Sharma
Avery Shawler
Johannes Signer
Václav Silovský
João Paulo Silva
Richard Simon
  • Function : Author
Rachel Smiley
Douglas Smith
  • Function : Author
Erling Solberg
Diego Ellis-Soto
  • Function : Author
Orr Spiegel
Jared Stabach
Jenna Stacy-Dawes
Daniel Stahler
John Stephenson
Cheyenne Stewart
Olav Strand
  • Function : Author
Peter Sunde
Nathan Svoboda
Jonathan Swart
  • Function : Author
Jeffrey Thompson
Katrina Toal
  • Function : Author
Kenneth Uiseb
Meredith Vanacker
Marianela Velilla
Tana Verzuh
Bettina Wachter
Brittany Wagler
Jesse Whittington
Martin Wikelski
Christopher Wilmers
George Wittemyer
Julie Young
Filip Zięba
  • Function : Author
Tomasz Zwijacz-Kozica
Mark Huijbregts
Thomas Mueller

Abstract

COVID-19 lockdowns in early 2020 reduced human mobility, providing an opportunity to disentangle its effects on animals from those of landscape modifications. Using GPS data, we compared movements and road avoidance of 2300 terrestrial mammals (43 species) during the lockdowns to the same period in 2019. Individual responses were variable with no change in average movements or road avoidance behavior, likely due to variable lockdown conditions. However, under strict lockdowns 10-day 95th percentile displacements increased by 73%, suggesting increased landscape permeability. Animals’ 1-hour 95th percentile displacements declined by 12% and animals were 36% closer to roads in areas of high human footprint, indicating reduced avoidance during lockdowns. Overall, lockdowns rapidly altered some spatial behaviors, highlighting variable but substantial impacts of human mobility on wildlife worldwide.
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hal-04261901 , version 1 (27-11-2023)

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Marlee Tucker, Aafke Schipper, Tempe Adams, Nina Attias, Tal Avgar, et al.. Behavioral responses of terrestrial mammals to COVID-19 lockdowns. Science, 2023, 380 (6649), pp.1059-1064. ⟨10.1126/science.abo6499⟩. ⟨hal-04261901⟩
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