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Journal Articles FEMS Microbiology Ecology Year : 2023

Unlocking secrets of microbial ecotoxicology: recent achievements and future challenges.

Marina Hery
Fabrice Martin-Laurent
Jean Martins
Soizic Morin

Abstract

Environmental pollution is one of the main challenges faced by humanity. By their ubiquity and vast range of metabolic capabilities, microorganisms are affected by pollution with consequences on their host organisms and on the functioning of their environment and also play key roles in the fate of pollutants through the degradation, transformation and transfer of organic or inorganic compounds. They are thus crucial for the development of nature-based solutions to reduce pollution and of bio-based solutions for environmental risk assessment of chemicals. At the intersection between microbial ecology, toxicology and biogeochemistry, microbial ecotoxicology is a fast-expanding research area aiming to decipher the interactions between pollutants and microorganisms. This perspective paper gives an overview of the main research challenges identified by the Ecotoxicomic network within the emerging One Health framework and in the light of ongoing interest in biological approaches to environmental remediation and of the current state of the art in microbial ecology. We highlight prevailing knowledge gaps and pitfalls in exploring complex interactions among microorganisms and their environment in the context of chemical pollution and pinpoint areas of research where future efforts are needed.
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hal-04205827 , version 1 (13-09-2023)

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Jennifer Hellal, Lise Barthelmebs, Annette Bérard, Aurélie Cébron, Giulia Cheloni, et al.. Unlocking secrets of microbial ecotoxicology: recent achievements and future challenges.. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 2023, 99 (10), pp.art. fiad102. ⟨10.1093/femsec/fiad102/7260845⟩. ⟨hal-04205827⟩
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